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Picasso is the founder of Cubism, which, it is said, began with the fact that one of the teachers told Picasso: “It must be remembered that any object is a collection of geometric shapes. Try to fragment the object into figures and reassemble to understand how light and shadow fall on it. ”
The teacher, of course, had in mind that we must constantly remember that any complex figure is just a collection of simple figures, which any artist, even a beginner, can depict. But Picasso took the advice literally and, gradually becoming disillusioned with academism, classicism, and realism, he began to rethink the surrounding reality, simplifying it more and more. Having reduced the form to the smallest value, he emphasized the content, not guided in its expression by any dogma or canon.
“Bather” is a picture representing his favorite theme. Seeing in the combination of water and the female body a certain special, natural beauty, Picasso returned to this topic over and over again, creating “Bathers Watching the Airplane”, “Three Bathers”, “Bather Opening the Cabin” and others like that.
From time to time, the style of work was simplified, became more and more flat and simple, and as a result, the “Bather opening the booth” is a yellow spot of a form so vague that in order to recognize a person in it, you need to make some effort. After that, Picasso suddenly returns to classicism, introducing his otherworldly, cubic experience into it.
“Bathers” - lies somewhere on the way to this moment and is a set of planes and sharp angles, in which - with a squint, a closer look - you can see a girl running to the water. Her movements are light and impetuous, and only the essence remains in her image - this ease of step, this desire to quickly plunge into the radiant water.